2019中考英语阅读理解练习:吃饭质量的讲究

阳光守护   2019-05-01 18:09:35   阅读次数: 174

2019中考英语阅读理解练习:吃饭质量的讲究。阅读理解在中考英语中,不仅是分数上的重头,也是难度上的重头。它主要考查考生运用所学语言知识的能力,包括阅读能力、理解能力、归纳概括能力、逻辑推理能力以及对材料的评估能力等,要求考生阅读理解准确率高,阅读速度快!今天,小编整理了英语阅读理解必考题满分技巧分享给大家——吃饭质量的讲究,附答案及详细解析,具体详情如下:



Paragraph 1

Scientists have learned a lot about the kinds of people need. They say that there are several kinds of food that people should eat every day, they are: (1) green and yellow vegetables of all kinds; (2) citrus (柑桔) fruits and tomatoes; (3) potatoes and other fruits and vegetables; 94) meat of all kinds, fish and eggs; (5) milk and foods made from milk; (6) bread or cereal (谷类), rice is also in this kind of food; (7) butter, or something like butter.


Paragraph 2

People in different countries and different places of the world eat different kinds of things. Foods are cooked and eaten in many different kinds of ways. People in different countries eat at different times of the day. In some places people eat once or twice a day; in other countries people eat three or four times a day. Scientists say that none of the differences is really important. It doesn’t matter whether foods are eaten raw or cooked, canned (罐装的) or frozen (冷冻的)。 It doesn’t matter if a person eats dinner at 4 o’clock in the afternoon or at eleven o’clock at night. The important thing is what you eat every day.


Paragraph 3

There are two problems, then, in feeding the large number of people on the earth. The first is to find some way to feed the world’s population so that no one is hungry. The second is to make sure that people everywhere have the right kinds of food to make them grow to be strong and healthy.


1.According to(依据)the scientists,which of the following groups of food is the healthiest for your lunch?

A. Chicken, apples, cereal and cabbages.

B. Potatoes, carrots, rice and bread.

C. Oranges, bananas, fish and tomatoes.

D. Beef, pork, fish and milk,


2.It is important for people to eat ______.

A. three times a day

B. dinner at twelve o’clock

C. cooked food all the time

D. something from each of the seven kinds of food every day


3. People in different countries and different places of the world ________.

A. have the right kinds of food to eat

B. cook their food in the same way

C. have their meals at the same time

D. eat food in different ways


4.Which of the following is not true?

A. People in some places don’t have enough to eat.

B. There are too many people in the world.

C. One of the problems is that no one is hungry.

D. The scientists are trying to make people grow to be strong and healthy.


5.If there is Paragraph (段落) 4, what do you think is going to be talked about?

A. When people eat their lunch.

B. What to do with the two problems.

C. How to cook food in different ways.

D. Why people eat different kinds of food.


【答案及解析】


这篇短文分为三个落:第一段列举了科学家研究了人们每天要吃的食物;第二段讲述了不同国家的人们饮食习惯和饮食结构等各方面有很大差异。但这些对人来说都没不是很重要的,重要的是每天吃什么。第三段阐述了两个问题:如何解决世界人口的吃饭问题,既要吃饱,又要吃得健康。


1.A。本题属表层理解题。由第一段科学家建议七大类食品可知答案非A莫属。


2.D。由“The important thing is what you eat every day.”及第一段的内容可知D是正确答案。而根据第二段可知A、B、C皆为错误的。


4.D。第二段开头的“People in different countries and different places of the world eat different kinds of things. Foods are cooked and eaten in many different kinds of ways.”这两句是解答本题的关键。


5. C。根据第三段所讲的内容,C项显然是错误的。


6. B。A、C和D都是在上文刚刚谈论过的,又根据第三段“There are two problems, then, in feeding the large number of people on the earth.”所提的两个问题,可以推知下文可能要谈论如何解决这两个问题。故答案为B。


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